The Northern Lebanon School District is a small public school district in Lebanon County. The District is one of the 500 public school districts of Pennsylvania. Northern Lebanon was formed in 1956. The District serves six municipalities: Swatara Township, Union Township, Cold Spring Township, Bethel Township, East Hanover Township, and Jonestown Borough. The district covers an area of 144 square miles (370 km2). According to 2000 federal census data, the District served a resident population of 14,984. By 2010, the resident population grew to 17,435. The enrollment of the district was 2,400 students in 2010. The district students are 96% white, 1% Asian, 1% black and 3% Hispanic.
Northern Lebanon School District operates four elementary schools (East Hanover, Jonestown, Fredericksburg, and Lickdale), one middle school and one high school. According to District officials, in school year 2007-08 the North Lebanon School District provided basic educational services to 2,605 pupils through the employment of 188 teachers, 128 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 12 administrators. In school year 2009-10, the Northern Lebanon School District provided basic educational services to 2,364 pupils. The District employed: 189 teachers, 128 full-time and part-time support personnel and 13 administrators. Northern Lebanon School District received more than $11.6 million in state funding in school year 2009-10.
Within the district there are over 4,600 acres (19 km2) of public lands, including four golf courses, Fort Indiantown Gap Military Base, two state parks, and many campgrounds. The Appalachian Trail passes through the area. These lands are tax exempt and increase the tax burden on private land owners and local workers/employers. Major industries in the district include: Tyco, SID Tools, Sherwin Williams, Ingram Micro, Farmer’s Pride Inc., BC Natural Chicken, College Hill Poultry Inc. and Swift Trucking.